The Airbus A380 – called A3XX during much of its development stage is a tetrarreactor aircraft manufactured by the European company Airbus, a subsidiary of the EADS group. It is the first jet aircraft with two decks along its entire fuselage, unlike the Boeing 747 in which, although it also has two, the upper deck covers only the front of the fuselage. It has a maximum capacity of 853 passengers – in a hypothetical configuration of high density tourist class -, which makes it the largest commercial aircraft in the world. It surpasses the aforementioned Boeing 747, by providing a useful area of 49% more than the latter -according to the manufacturer- .3 4 6 It is only surpassed by the Antonov An-225 cargo plane. It has a length of almost 73 meters7 and 24 meters in height, 4 being its structure formed in 40% carbon fiber and other modern metallic materials. The first flight of this aircraft was carried out in Toulouse, France, on April 27, 2005,8 and made its first commercial flight on October 25, 2007 with the airline Singapore Airlines.
Having a double deck that extends along the entire fuselage, the surface of the same reaches 478.1 m², almost 50% more than that of its main competitor, the Boeing 747-400.4 which It has a 320.8 m² cabin surface. In a classic three-class configuration – tour operator, business and first – the A380 can hold between 500 and 550 passengers. The cargo version, currently postponed, would enjoy a capacity of 150 tons and a range of 10,400 kilometers, second only to the Antonov An-225. The A380, in its commercial version, has a flight range of 15,200 kilometers, enough to cover routes such as: Madrid-Perth (Australia) without stops, with a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (900 km / h ).