Palmira (in Arabic تدمر Tadmor or Tadmir) was an ancient city located in the desert of Syria, in the present province of Homs 3 km from the modern city of Tedmor or Tadmir, (Arabic version of the same Aramaic word «palmira», which means «city of date trees»). At present, only its extensive ruins persist, which are the focus of abundant international tourist activity. The ancient Palmyra was the capital of the Palmyrene Empire under the ephemeral reign of Queen Zenobia, between the years 268 – 272.
Palmira was chosen as a World Heritage Site in 1980. On June 20, 2013, Unesco included all Syrian sites on the list of World Heritage Sites in danger to warn of the risks to which they are exposed due to the war. Civil Syria.