Riga (in Latvian: Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia. With 701,185 inhabitants (July 2014), it is the largest city in the Baltic states and home to more than a third of Latvia’s population. It is the largest cultural, educational, political, financial, commercial and industrial center of the Baltic Sea region.
The city is located in the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava River. It has an area of 307.17 km² and is between 1 and 10 meters above sea level, in a flat and sandy plain.
Riga was founded in 1201 and is a former member of the Hanseatic League. The historic center of Riga has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, which stands out for its Art Nouveau architecture and its 19th century wooden architecture.3 The city has been chosen as the European Capital of Culture for the year 2014, together to Umeå, Sweden.
The city is served by Riga International Airport, the largest airport in the Baltic countries.
Riga is a member of Eurocities, the union of the Baltic cities (UBC) and the Union of Capitals of the European Union (UCEU).