Gardens by the bay (Chinese: 滨海 湾 花园, pinyin: bīnhǎi Wān Huayuan Malay: Taman di Pesisiran Tamil: வளைகுடா தோட்டம்) is a park that covers 101 hectares (1,010,000 m2) of reclaimed land in central Singapore, next to the Navy Reservoir. The park consists of three oceanfront gardens: South Bay Garden, East Bay Garden and Central Bay Garden. The largest of the three gardens is South Bay Garden, standing on 54 acres.
Gardens by the Bay is an integral part of a Singapore government strategy to transform Singapore from a «Garden City» to a «city in a garden». The stated objective is to raise the quality of life by improving vegetation and flora in the city.
First announced to the public by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong during the National Day Rally in August 2005, Gardens of the Bay is destined to become Singapore’s premier urban outdoor recreation space, and a national icon.
An international contest for the design of the master plan, which was held in January 2006, attracted more than 70 papers submitted by 170 companies from 24 countries. Two companies – Grant Associates and Gustafson Porter – were finally received the master plan design for South Bay and East Bay Gardens respectively.
Along with lead designers Grant Associates, the British design team from South Bay included Wilkinson Eyre Architects (architects); Atelier Ten (environmental design consultants); Atelier One (structural engineers).
This team was also supported by a number of Singapore consultants including CPG Consultants (architecture, civil and structural, mechanical and electrical), Meinhardt Infrastructure (civil and structural), Langdon Seah (cost consultants) and PMLINK (project management).